As a breeder, I sometimes get asked: “What is the percentage of poodle and golden retriever in these puppies?” Well, the answer is, genetics don't work on a straight percentage basis. If they did, all your siblings would look exactly like you do! Within the same litter, siblings can look a bit different or have a different coat type. Our goal is to breed for the desired traits we want, the stockier build of the Golden Retriever, the most non shedding coat types, the intelligence of the Poodle and more laid-back temperament of the Golden Retriever while maintaining a consistent combination of wavy coats and loose curly coats, rather than a flat, shedding or improper coats. We focus on health, structure, temperament and DNA tested coat types to make the correct breeding decisions. As a breeder, while it’s important to have knowledge of Goldendoodle generations when deciding on breeding pairs, we need to evaluate and look at the strengths and weaknesses of each individual dog and pair them with a mate that complements them based on health, structure, temperament and coat traits rather than on mathematical generation charts which are not only confusing but misleading as well.
F1 Generation- Golden Retriever x Poodle. This is the result of crossing a Standard Poodle with a Golden Retriever to create a Goldendoodle. They can shed and coats within the same litter can vary greatly. They are a good choice for most people with mild allergies. Their coats can be wavy, slightly curly or smooth (looking more like a Golden Retriever).
F1b Generation- F1 Doodle x Poodle. These dogs are minimal to non-shedding (if they shed at all), are extremely allergy friendly and are highly recommended for people with moderate to severe dog allergies. Their coats are generally wavy, slightly curly or a relaxed curl. They are a perfect choice for those with allergy or shedding concerns.
F1bb Generation- F1b Goldendoodle x Poodle. This generation retains a high level of consistency. This is an extremely allergy friendly generation where the puppies should be minimal to non-shedding. There can be some coat variation within a litter but expect curls. They are highly recommended for families with any allergy concerns and for those who don't want the shedding. Exact percentages of the F1bb poodle/retriever mix are theoretical. There is no guarantee that any generation will be an exact a mix of 50/50 or 75/25 or any other combination. With coat testing, proper knowledge, and choosing the correct pairing, a trustworthy breeder will be able to tell you whether or not your puppy will be a shedder or how allergy friendly your puppy will be regardless of the amount of curl.
F2 Generation- F1 Doodle X F1 Doodle. This generation can vary just like the F1 and F2b generation. Although there is a higher chance of a Retriever gene coming through and creating a doodle that looks like a Retriever and will likely shed and not be good for allergy sufferers.
F2b Generation- F1 Doodle X F1b Doodle. With this type of doodle, we can see variety of coat types within a litter. We can see puppies with coats that range from an F1 type coat (wavy) to a loosely curled coat. They can be allergy friendly depending on the puppy.
F3 Generation- F1b Doodle X F1b Doodle (this would be the only way we would breed an F3) or F2 Doodle X F2 Doodle. This generation can vary from a heavy wave to very curly. Another allergy friendly type.
Multi-gen- Multi-gen is the term used to describe doodles beyond the second generation. If two goldendoodles are parents, one parent has to be an F1b or a multi-gen. A poodle bred to a multi-gen is also classified as a multi-gen. When bred correctly, they are extremely allergy friendly, (like the F1b's) with minimal (if they shed at all) to no shedding. Multi-gens are highly recommended for people with moderate to severe allergies and for those who don't want the shedding. Multi-gens retain a high level of consistency in structure and coat type and bring hybrid vigor back into their offspring. Be sure your breeder is doing genetic testing on the parents dogs so that they don't unintentionally produce puppies with incorrect shedding coats (without furnishings). Their coats are generally wavy, slightly curly or a relaxed curl.